Suara Pembaruan, Sept 7, 2009
Preserve Jamsostek, Askes, Taspen, and Asabri
[JAKARTA] Operation of the National Social Security Scheme (SJSN) has become a national commitment. Four state enterprises, namely PT Jamsostek, PT Askes, PT Taspen, and PT Asabri, has shown its commitment to implement SJSN. For that, so that SJSN programs can reach all the people, need legislation to encourage the existence of more than one Social Security Organizing Enterprises (BPJS).
"Keep four SOEs (Jamsostek, Askes, Taspen, and Asabri, Red) as a BPJS. While to reach more people, the opportunity to establish new BPJS, both at national and regional levels should be opened," said State Minister for State Owned Enterprises Sofyan Djalil to SP, in his office, Friday (4 / 9). On that occasion, Sofyan accompanied by Secretary of State Minister Mohammad Said Didu SOEs, and numbers of one office echelon Minister for SOEs.
Sofyan asserted, the lead agency did not prevent the existence of BPJS, let alone the application of SJSN. During this time, what the four state-owned did is actually a SJSN. "Because it is not relevant to assessing the Office of State Minister for SOEs as a stumbling block in the implementation SJN in Indonesia," he said.
Four state-owned providers of social insurance is now managing a large fund. If accumulated, a total of four state-owned funds under management is more than Rp 120 trillion. "This is not a small number to be combined into a new enterprise which management has not been clear," said Sofyan.
In contrast to the four state-owned providers of social insurance, until now, BPJS who became the mandate of Law 40/2004 on SJSN, has no legal entity. "So weird. Companies that already have a clear legal entity had to succumb to merged into a new enterprise that do not have a legal entity," said Said Didu.
Merging of four state-owned social insurance providers, said Said Didu, not as easy as turning the palm of his hand. In addition to labor problems, should be considered too the large fund management accumulated, and the cost of liquidation.
Besides the legal issues that are not easy. Keep in mind, the four SOEs are subject to Law 40/2007 on Limited Liability Companies, Law 13/2003 on Labor, and Law 2 / 1992 on Business Insurance. According to the Insurance Business Act, the administration of social insurance is state-owned. "In this case SJSN is social insurance," said Said.
Office of State Minister for SOEs suggests, that BPJS legal entity status is a special state-owned PT (Persero). In the SJSN Act, said Said Didu, did not mention that the SJSN organizers trustees are legal entities.
"The SJSN Act is referred to the mandate of the managed funds BPJS. It’s intended so that fund participants are not confused with the funding of BPJS," he said.
So far, he continued, the participant’s funds collected by four state-owned providers of social insurance was separated from the company’s assets. "Thus, not difficult for the four SOEs to be BPJS," he explained.
Said added that the legal status of a trustee who is often mentioned in discussions about BPJS is a reaction to the status of PT (Persero) in the four state-owned providers of social insurance. In the corporate status of PT, dividends received by shareholders, not the participants.
Related to this, Sofyan revealed, these fears are unfounded. Because since 2007, dividends PT Jamsostek and PT.Askes no longer accepted by the government as a shareholder, but returned to the participants. The policy set forth in the Base Budget. "Similarly, dividends Taspen and Asabri have been returned to the participants since 2003," he said.
To expand SJSN, Office of State Minister for State Owned Enterprises will encourage the emergence BPJS Acts allowing four state-owned as BPJS, and the establishment of BPJS in the center and in the region. Currently, DKI Jakarta Province government has been exploring the establishment of social insurance or such BPJS.
Likewise, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine Gadjah Mada University Ghufron Mukti Monday (7 / 9) confirmed, after testing the material of the Constitutional Court, the four state-owned PT Askes, PT Asabri, PT Taspen, and PT Jamsostek can not act as BPJS for not formed by Act.
However, the four state-owned entities are given the opportunity as a provider with a transition period to adjust to October 19, 2009. After the test material, the local government agency can establish the organizer. This is not a problem, as long as there is the same system and coordination, and synchronization.
"Why should fuse into one, and whether these priorities? I think it should not and does not need," he said.
Ghufron explained, there are long-term programs, such as death pension insurance, and instead there is a short-term programs, such as health and accident insurance. For short-term programs, the emphasis is not the development fund, but how to increase health access and as quickly as possible health problem or the sick quickly served. For that, it will be better if the organizers easily accessible to the public. "So clearly, there could be another provider agency (outside of 4 SOEs) according to the Court’s decision," he said.
He reminded, the community service organization which monopolized, the service quality are at stake. "So should not be monopolized, but also not free as in the United States (U.S.) who have problems," he said.
Added, the implementation of the SJSN, needs coordination and synchronization between BPJS formed in the center and the regions, which operate matters agreed upon and arranged according to their impact. If the local impact is limited, for example in the district, it is maintained at the district level.
He reminded, the proposal to the National Social Security Council (DJSN) to address implementation bottlenecks SJSN Act, that is the House of Representatives (DPR) bill BPJS legislate, to extend the Act BPJS forming two more years, and the government issued a replacement government regulation laws (Perppu), should be discussed in public to obtain the best solution and does not need to rush into taking care of who could be the organizer.
In response to the slow implementation of the SJSN, Campaign Coordinator Division INFID, Wahyu Susilo suspect because of the lack of coordination and institutional unwillingness to release their powers to join in BPJS. For that, the President must step in overcoming this problem, considering BPJS could sustain the government’s plan to reduce poverty and welfare of the people.
Until now, said Wahyu, poverty reduction programs more temporary and not systematic. This can be seen from several government programs such as Direct Cash Aid (BLT) and the School Operational Assistance (BOS), which was full of problems. "If SJSN Act can be implemented, we are not too fussy about insurance or neglection," he said.
Meanwhile, Chairman of the House of Representatives Commission VIII Hasrul Azwar expects the government to resolve seriously BPJS bill. Relevant government officers could be asked to coordinate mutually eliminate differences of opinion.
"Poor people always suffer and become victims of ego in the government sector," he said. Related to this, the House of Representatives waited for the draft bill from the government.